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Horse Chestnut (aesculus hippocastanum) native arboretum tree
Horse Chestnut (aesculus hippocastanum) native arboretum tree Horse Chestnut (aesculus hippocastanum) native arboretum tree Horse Chestnut (aesculus hippocastanum) native arboretum tree

Horse Chestnut (aesculus hippocastanum) native arboretum tree

£21.60

Large native tree

Horse Chestnuts really are a tree for all seasons. In spring and early summer there is a magnificant flower desplay, with white candle-like spikes surrounding the canopy. Autumn as every school child knows, offer up the conkers - a nut that is protected in a green, spiky capsule.  Every one who ever collected a Conker knows this large, spreading tree, with its lovely creamy/white 'candle flowers' that cover the tree in early summer and light up the May landscape. The leaves are deep green, turning a rustic amber colour in autumn.

 Fully grown specimens require a lot of space but they make ideal park trees and grand avenues. The brittle timber is clean and white but it lacks strength. For internal shelving and fittings it has an advantage of being available in broad widths. It can be used out of doors for temporary things such as pallets.   Introduced shortly after 1616 from Albania Greece and Bulgaria horse chestnut has virtually become naturalized in Britain. It burns well but spits on an open fire. 

This stately but uncommon tree has been in cultivation in Britain for over 150 years. It can only be found in arboreta and parks on good lowland sites. In height it will exceed most other trees. The form is somewhat similar to turkey oak to which it is closely related. A particular feature of this species is the unique leaf. It is about 20cm long with deep rounded lobes which are themselves sub-lobed. The tree can often be 'discovered' in winter by finding a carpet of these distinctive leaves on the ground. The mature stem looks identical to ordinary English oak.

 The advantage of planting this tree, apart from its impressive size and rapid growth, is its ability to tolerate a wide range of poor soil types. Rarely for oak it will even grow well on chalk. It demands a prominent place in the arboretum landscape if that landscape is big enough to accommodate it. South and Eastern Europe is its natural range. The best trees in Britain probably originated in the Crimea. It was introduced around 1837. Visitors to arboreta clearly impressed by its performance, sometimes enquire why this tree is not used in Britain for timber. Unfortunately like turkey oak the stems often suffer from severe shake which renders the timber unfit for anything but firewood.

Size: Commonly 50' to 75' (15m to 23m) tall, but 100' (30m) specimens are possible
Environment: Full sun is best. Prefers a roomy soil that is moist, but well-drained, but fairly soil adaptable.
Key Features: Creamy white flowers in spring, followed by fruits commonly known as
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Horse Chestnut native arboretum tree (Aesculus Hippocastanum) 150/180 barerooted £26.40 £21.60 £21.60 £21.60 £21.60
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