Wellingtonia (sequoiadendron giganteum) tree
Wellingtonia (sequoiadendron giganteum) a familiar tree in parks, large gardens and private estates throughout Britain. The dark green spire of foliage reaches skywards and stands well above all the other trees around it. Lower branches tend to become gracefully down-swept until, on reaching the ground, they take root and begin to shoot upwards again. The soft bark is fibrous and thick, sometimes over 20cm on mature trees.
It is rusty-red which gives the tree its American name of 'giant redwood'. In Britain numerous specimens have greater stem girth than veteran oaks and chestnuts ten times their age. In the landscape Wellingtonia is certain to become a landmark wherever it is planted.
Care must be taken not to place it wrongly. Redwood groves are pleasing to establish, but they also stand out on the horizon from a long way off. This species is hardy to -17¡C in Britain and it will tolerate most soil types.
There seems to be a preference for the north and west where the oldest planted trees are still growing strongly upwards. Specimens over 50 metres tall are known. In the south and east most old trees now have rounded tops and little upward progress is being made.
The natural range of the species is limited to the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada in California. It was first discovered by a European in 1841, and introduced to Britain in 1853. By 1875 most of the original trees in California had been mindlessly cut down and mostly laid to waste. The timber is brittle and of little value.
in 10 yrs=8meters - 20yrs=15metres-event.hgt=40 metres
Grows on any kind of soil but not solid chalk. Ideal for planting on a monumental scale, in avenues, lines. Specimen tree. Large estates, much space needed
Very large tree EVERGREEN