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Indian Horse Chestnut tree
Indian Horse Chestnut tree

Indian Horse Chestnut tree


Indian Horse Chestnut-There is a very short list of trees available to British growers that are indispensable for special situations. The Indian Horse Chestnut  tree should be fundamental to every ornamental lowland tree collection. If space for only one tree can be found in an arboretum this is surely it. After a brisk start growth slows down to a comfortable pace and a symmetrical crown of branches is gradually built up to 16-20 metres high in 100 years. The young bark is beech like, grey at first, then with age peeling in flakes that tend to hang on to the stem. The deep green leaves are flushed bronze when they open in late spring. The flowers in July, also late for a horse chestnut, are upright panicles of white blooms with a cadmium yellow blotch on the top lip and rose-pink lower petals. The fertile fruits do not fall until November. In the arboretum landscape this species demands a choice position. Although its flamboyant flowers are soon over in summer, its strong foliage and distinctive outline provide all year round impact. It is big bold and exotic, and it thrives in full hot sunshine. There are no serious diseases, it has no predators determined enough to spoil it, and it is very windfirm provided that it can root deeply enough.

It comes from the lower slopes of the north west Himalayas from the River Indus to western Nepal. Bird cherry and natural growing walnut accompany it in mixed woodlands. At high elevation (up to 2400 metres) it is found in mixture with pindrow fir and deodar cedar. These are all species that would integrate with it in British collections to give a north west Himalayan theme. Trees were introduced to Britain by Colonel Henry Bunbury in 1851. He brought seeds home with him from the North West Frontier to his house at Barton in Suffolk. They started to flower when only 7 years old and produced fertile seeds only 3 years later. A tree raised at Kew in 1928, and subsequently called 'Sydney Pearce' is even more floriferous than the type.

Size: in 10 years 10mt in 20 years 15mt - event hgt = 20metres
Environment: Given good soil horsechestnuts will grow easily in sun or light shade. Becoming very popular as a ornamental tree but will need plenty of space.
Key Features: Stalked leaflets and narrower than the common. h.chestnut. Flowers are white, touched with pink, red or yellow. Bark pinkish grey and smooth.
Quantity Species Size
1 - 10
11 - 30
Indian Horse Chestnut tree (Aesculus Indica ) 60/90PG Potted £38.40 £34.80 £31.20 £31.20 £31.20
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